□ Military Service
Process of Conscription Candidates Overseas
What is dual citizenship?
When a child is born in a country that adheres to the jus soli (right of the
soil) principle and his/her
parent is a citizen of a country with jus sanguinis
(right of the blood) principle, the child obtains both
citizenship at birth;
one from his/her the birthplace and one from his or her parent’s birthplace.
For example, a child whose parents are South Korean is born in the US, which
adheres to the jus
soli principle, has both South Korean nationality and US
citizenship by birth and therefore the child
becomes a dual citizen.
Dual Citizen’s Choice of Nationality
A male dual citizen must choose one nationality by the end of March of the year
he turns 18. If he fails
to do so in time, he may choose (renounce) his nationality
only after he finishes his military service or
after he is exempted from military
ㅇ A dual citizen born while
his parents were living overseas without the purpose of permanent residence
must finish his military service or be exempted from military service in order
to choose (renounce) his
nationality. This type of dual citizen cannot renounce
his nationality even during the renunciation period.
Who are second-generation South Koreans?
Second-generation South Koreans are people who were born overseas (including
people who emigrated
overseas before they turned 6), and lived overseas continuously
until the age of 18 (according to Article 2
of Primary and Secondary Education
Law, people who studied in a school(s) in South Korea for a total of
up to three
years are considered to have lived overseas continuously), and their parents
acquired foreign nationality, citizenship, or permanent residence
from a foreign government, or acquired
indefinite residence permit (including
long-term residence permit of five or more years) in a country without
residence system, and were confirmed as second-generation South Koreans.
Military Service Duty of Second-generation South Koreans
According to the Overseas Emigration Law, “second-generation South Koreans”
are obligated to serve
only when they have reported permanent return. Therefore,
if you emigrated overseas before you were
six years old but you renounced your
permanent residence and reported permanent return to South Korea,
service duty will be reinstated. If you were born overseas (dual citizenship),
South Korean domestic residence and reside in South Korea,
your military service duty will be reinstated.
What is the motherland learning system?
This system is for the people who were exempted from (postponed) their military
service for overseas
emigration reasons to study in one of Korean education
institutes in South Korea to learn the culture and
language of their motherland.
The system allows those people to defer their military service duty for the
duration of motherland learning, thereby encouraging them to feel closer to
the South Korean people and
have greater patriotism for South Korea.
Who is eligible?
People who postponed or were exempted from military service for overseas emigration
ㅇ What to do
Transfer to or enter education institute in South Korea
(formal education institute
or university-affiliated language institute)
What is "voluntary enrollment of permanent residents system” ?
This system encourages people whose military service duty was exempted or postponed
of permanent residence to enroll into military service if they
wish to serve. The volunteers are guaranteed
of one departure to and entry back
from the country of permanent residency per year during their military
in order to maintain their permanent resident status. The roundtrip flights
are paid for by the
government to encourage patriotism and to create an atmosphere
for voluntary military service enrolment.
Who is eligible?
Permanent residents who wish to serve in the military(Permanent residence includes
permit and long-term residence permit of five or more years
in a country without permanent residence
Registration and required documents
Registration: Regional MMA office Civil Affairs Division, military affairs office
Required documents: Permanent resident military service enrollment application
ㅇ Military Service Duty
Applicant chooses desired date for draft physical examination and enrollment.
- Public service
candidates will be called up only when they wish to serve."
Assignment and placement will be decided based on applicant’s aptitudes, skills,
* After enrolment, “military
adaptation program” is provided for one week to educate the enrollees on South
Korean culture and military courtesy.
Overseas Travel Guarantee
Before enrolment, entry and departure are allowed without overseas travel permit.
One overseas travel per year on regular leave is guaranteed.
Travel Expense Coverage upon Leave and Transfer
Roundtrip flight to the country of permanent residency and domestic travel expenses
in South Korea
will be covered by the government.
What is e-application for conscription candidates overseas?
E-application allows conscription candidates overseas to apply online for draft
and military enrolment so that they can start their military
service at a preferred time of the year after
returning to Korea.
Who is eligible?
People staying overseas (on board a ship) with overseas travel (period extension)
permit who wish
to take draft physical examination or to enroll.
Early draft physical examination application
Overseas enrolment application (active duty/public service)
Choice of date/unit of active duty enrolment
Application for date of call-up/organization of public service
How to Apply
Go to Civil Affairs section of MMA website or use civil affairs application
■ Contact Information
MMA Call Center: +82-1588-9090
Manpower Administration (Customer Support Division)
Overseas Travel Permit +82-42-481-2755~6
Overseas Emigration +82-42-481-2757~8
□ Technical Research Personnel
(TRP) and Skilled Industrial Personnel (SIP)
ㅇ This substitute
military service channels surplus military personnel to entities designated
MMA Commissioner, to pursue research, manufacturing, or production in
order to nurture, develop,
and strengthen the competitiveness of national industries.
To serve as a TRP, you must have a master’s or higher degree or be in a doctoral
course at a graduate
school of natural sciences. TRPs serve in the field of
research at designated entities for 36 months.
To serve as an SIP, you must have a national skills certificate (not required
for supplemental service).
SIPs serve in the field of manufacturing or production
at designated entities for 34 months (26 months for
Military Service Entity: Designation Process
※ In parentheses : For affiliated institutes of venture start-ups
ㅇ MMA Call Center:
ㅇ MMA (Industrial
Support Division): Designated entity selection +82-42-481-2812